Were you taught “how to grade”? You probably weren’t. Fear not, most teachers weren’t either. This important skill is usually left up to the new teachers, something for them to “pick up on their own”. But, this whole area of grading is critical. It is the most scrutinized area , from both parents, on behalf of students and administrators. So, this “how to grade” thing is pretty important then, huh? The following points highlight basic tips that explain grading, and grading systems:

**USE NUMBERS TO DECIDE YOUR FINAL GRADE FORMULA**

Determine ahead of time the weight given to each of the sections of your grade book. Here’s an example:

TESTS 50%

QUIZZES 25%

PROJECT 25%

Using these percentages, this is how I would figure out a student’s grade:

TESTS = 86% = 86 X 2 = 172 (Tests are worth twice as much as the other two, therefore, doubled)

QUIZZES = 79% = 79 X 1 = 79

PROJECT = 92% = 92 X 1 = 92

172 + 79 + 92 = 343 divided by 4 (4 parts, Tests twice, Quizzes, Project) = 85.75 = 86 = “B”

Here’s a much more complicated example, using possible percentages and an imaginary student’s grades:

TESTS 30%: student score of 80% = 80 X 3 parts = 240

QUIZZES 30%: student score of 90% = 90 X 3 parts = 270

PROJECT 20%: student score of 75% = 75 X 2 parts = 150

HOMEWORK 10%: student score of A- = 92% = 92 X 1 part = 92

CLASS PARTICIPATION 10%: student score of C = 75% = 75 X 1 part = 75

TOTAL = 240 + 270 + 150 + 92 + 75 = 827 divided by 10 parts = 82.7 = 83 = “B”

This seems like a lot of work, sure. BUT IT IS WORTH IT. Plus you can really get the hang of it after just a few times using it. It’s worth it because the system is **FAIR** and **DEFENDABLE**. Remember before, how we highlighted that the grade has to be justified and explained? This comes from all angels, be it parents, teachers, students or administrators! Now, here’s a system that does that for you! As you are beginning to understand grading systems, weights, percentages and learning, a system to decipher a final grade is the ultimate tip.